Each episode, our guests are asked to recommend three books or articles with some connection to the laws of war. Here we collect all those recommendations in one ever-growing list (in alphabetical order by author, and with recommender in brackets):


– Allen, John and Darrell West, Turning Point: Policymaking in the Era of Artificial Intelligence (2020). (Ashley Deeks);

– Anderson, Carol, The Second: Race and Guns in a Fatally Unequal America (2021)(Leila Sadat);

– Arendt, Hannah, Eichmann in Jerusalem: The Banality of Evil (1963) (Chile Eboe-Osuji);

– Benkler, Yochai et al., Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics (2018) (David Sloss);

– Conley, Bridget, and Alex de Waal, Catriona Murcdoch, and Wayne Jordash, eds., Accountability for Mass Starvation: Testing the Limits of the Law (2022) (Tom Dannenbaum);

– Cormier, Monique, The Jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court over Nationals of Non-State Parties, (2020)(Douglas Guilfoyle);

– Corten, Olivier, The Against War: The Prohibition on the Use of Force in Contemporary International Law (2nd ed., 2021) (Mary Ellen O’Connell);

– Dannenbaum, Tom, The Crime of Aggression, Humanity, and the Soldier (2018) (Eliav Lieblich);

– de Waal, Alex, Mass Starvation: The History and Future of Famine (2018) (Asli Bali);

– de Wet, Erika, Military Assistance on Request and the Use of Force (2020) (Tom Ruys);

– Elden, Stuart, The Birth of Territory (2013) (Rene Provost);

– Forcese, Craig, Destroying the Caroline: The Frontier Raid that Reshaped the Right to War (2018) (Adil Haque, Tom Ruys, Chris O’Meara);

– Frowe, Helen, The Ethics of War and Peace (2nd ed., 2016) (Eliav Lieblich);

– Gardam, Judith, Necessity, Proportionality and the Use of Force by States (2004) (Mary Ellen O’Connell);

– Gardam, Judith, and Michelle Jarvis, Women, Armed Conflict and International Law, (2001) (Catherine O’Rourke);

– Gardner, John, Offences and Defences: Selected Essays in the Philosophy of Criminal Law (2007)(Federica Paddeu);

– Gordon, Joy, Invisible War: The United States and the Iraq Sanctions (2010)(Asli Bali);

– Gray, Christine, International Law and the Use of Force (4th ed., 2018) (Mary Ellen O’Connell);

– Haque, Adil Ahmad, Law and Morality and War (2017) (Eliav Lieblich);

– Hathaway, Oona, and Scott Shapiro, The Internationalists: How a Radical Plan to Outlaw War Remade the World (2017)(Craig Martin; Leila Sadat);

– Heathcote,Gina, Feminist Dialogues on International Law (2019) (Catherine O’Rourke);

– Herzog, Don, Sovereignty, RIP (2020). (Monica Hakimi);

– Hirsch, Francine, Soviet Judgment at Nuremberg: A New History of the International Military Tribunal after World War II (2020). (Kevin Heller);

– Hohmann, Jessie, and Daniel Joyce, eds., International Law’s Objects, (2019)(Douglas Guilfoyle);

– Jones, Craig, The War Lawyers (2020). (Kevin Heller);

– Koskeneimmi, Martti, The Gentle Civilizer of Nations: The Rise and Fall of International Law 1870-1960 (2001) (Rene Provost);

– Manne, Kate, Entitled: How Male Privilege Hurts Women (2020) (Oona Hathaway);

– Mantel, Hilary, Wolf Hall Trilogy (2009) (Oona Hathaway);

– Mantilla, Giovanni, Lawmaking Under Pressure: International Humanitarian Law and Internal Armed Conflict (Cornell Univ. Press, 2020) (Sam Moyn, Boyd van Dijk);

– Milgram, Stanley, Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View (1969) (Chile Eboe-Osuji);

– Moore, Ray, and Donald Robinson, Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur (2002) (Craig Martin);

– Mori, Tadashi, Origins of the Right of Self-Defence in International Law: From the Caroline Incident to the United Nations Charter (2018). (Adil Haque);

– Moyn, Samuel, Humane: How the United States Abandoned Peace and Reinvented War (2022) (Oona Hathaway);

– Mulder, Nicholas, The Economic Weapon: The Rise of Sanctions as a Tool of War (2022). (Ingrid Wuerth, Boyd van Dijk);

–  Nouwen, Sarah M.H., Complimentarity in the Line of Fire: The Catalyzing Effect of the International Criminal Court in Uganda and Sudan (2013) (Rene Provost);

– Reisman, Michael, The Quest for World Order and Human Dignity in the Twenty-First Century (2013). (Monica Hakimi, Craig Forcese);

– Rid, Thomas, Active Measures: The Secret History of Disinformation and Political Warfare, (2020)(Douglas Guilfoyle);

– Ruys, Tom, ‘Armed Attack’ and Article 51 of the UN Charter: Evolutions in Customary Law and Practice (2010). (Craig Forcese);

–  Ruys, Tom, et al., The Use of Force in International Law: A Case-Based Approach (2018). (Monica Hakimi, Chris O’Meara);

– Sands, Philippe, East West Street: On the Origins of “Genocide” and “Crimes Against Humanity” (2016). (Leila Sadat);

– Scarfi, Juan Pablo, The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas: Empire and Legal Networks (2017) (Alonso Gurmendi Dunkelberg);

– Scharre, Paul,  Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War (2018). (Eric Jensen);

– Smith, Sheila, Japan Rearmed: The Politics of Military Power (2019) (Yasuyuki Yoshida);

– Snyder, Timothy, On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century (2017) (Chile Eboe-Osuji);

– Stahn, Carsten, Justice as Message (2020). (Tom Dannenbaum);

– Tibori-Szabó, Kinga, Anticipatory Action in Self-Defence (2011) (Terry Gill);

– Urbina, Ian, The Outlaw Ocean: Journeys Across the Last Untamed Frontier (2019)(Tom Ruys);

– Vance, Jack, Suldrun’s Garden: Lyonesse Trilogy Vol. 1 (1982)(Terry Gill);

–  van Dijk, Boyd,  Preparing for War: The Making of the Geneva Conventions ( 2022) (Sam Moyn);

– Verdebout, Agatha , Rewriting Histories of the Use of Force: The Narrative of ‘Indifference,’ (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2021) (Olivier Corten);

– Witt, John Fabian, Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History (2012) (Craig Martin);


Journal Articles and Book Chapters:

– al Attar, Moshen, “TWAIL: A Paradox within a Paradox,” 22 Int’l Comm. L.R. 163 (2019). (Kevin Heller).

– Alexander, Amanda,  “A Short History of International Humanitarian Law,” 26 European Journal of International Law 109 (2015) (Sam Moyn).

– Chimni, B. S.,“The Articles on State Responsibility and the Guiding Principles of Shared Responsibility: A TWAIL Perspective,” 31 European Journal of International Law, volume 1211 (2020) (Srinivas Burra).

– de Hoogh, Andre, “The Compelling Law of Jus Cogens and Exceptions to Peremptory Norms: To Derogate or not to Derogate, That is the Question!” in Exceptions in International Law (Lorand Bartels and Federica Paddeu, eds., 2020)(Federica Paddeu).

– Dannenbaum,  Tom, “Encirclement, Deprivation, and Humanity: Revising the San Remo Manual Provisions on Blockade,” 97 International Law Studies 307 (2021) (Asli Bali).

– Dill, Janina, “Toward a Moral Division of Labour Between IHL and IHRL during the Conduct of Hostilities,” in Z. Bohrer, J. Dill, & H. Duffy eds, Law Applicable to Armed Conflict (2020). (Adil Haque).

– Fitzmaurice, Andrew , “Discovery, Conquest, and Occupation of Territory,” in The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law, Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters, eds. (2012) (Alonso Gurmendi Dunkelberg).

– Gardam, Judith, “Feminist Interventions into International Law: A Generation On,” 40 Adelaide Law Review 219 (2019) (Catherine O’Rourke).

– Hakimi, Monica, “The Jus ad Bellum‘s Regulatory Form,” 112 American J. Int’l L. 151 (2018) (Rebecca Ingber).

– Johnson, Katie “Identifying the Jus Cogens Norms in the Jus ad Bellum,” 70 Int’ and Comp. L. Quarterly 29 (2021)(Federica Paddeu).

–  Journal on the Use of Force and International Law . (Craig Forcese).

– Kattan, Victor, “Furthering the ‘War on Terrorism’ Through International Law: How the United States and the United Kingdom Resurrected the Bush Doctrine on Using Preventative Military Force to Combat Terrorism,” 5 Journal on the Use of Force and International Law 97 (2018) (Olivier Corten).

– Knuutila, Aleksi et al., “Global Fears of Disinformation: Perceived Internet and Social Media Harms in 142 Countries,” Oxford Internet Institute (2020). (David Sloss).

– Luban, David , “Complicity and Lesser Evils: A Tale of Two Lawyers,” Georgetown J. Legal Ethics, (forthcoming, 2021) (Rebecca Ingber).

– Lubell, Noam and Amichai Cohen, “Strategic Proportionality: Limitations on the Use of Force in Modern Armed Conflicts,” 96 International Law Studies 160 (2020) (Janina Dill).

– Mégret, Frédéric, “From ‘Savages’ to ‘Unlawful Combatants’: A Postcolonial Look at International Humanitarian Law’s ‘Other’, in Anne Orford, ed., International Law and its Others, (2006) (Srinivas Burra).

– Modirzadeh, Naz “Cut These Words: Passion and International Law of War Scholarship,” 61 Harvard International Law Journal 1 (2020) (Tom Dannenbaum).

– Mulder, Nicholas, and Boyd van Dijk, “Why Did Starvation Not Become the Paradigmatic War Crime in International Law?” in Ingo Venzke and Kevin Jon Heller eds., Contingency in International Law (2021) (Asli Bali).

– Obregón, Liliana,”Between Civilisation and Barbarism: Creole Interventions in International Law,” 27 Third World Quarterly 815 (2006) (Alonso Gurmendi Dunkelberg).

– Rosenberger, Laura, “Making Cyberspace Safe for Democracies,” Foreign Affairs, May/June, 2020. (David Sloss).

– Shay, Lisa et al.,Do Robots Dream of Electric Laws? An Experiment in the Law as Algorithm,” in Ryan Calo et al, eds. Robot Law (2016). (Ashley Deeks).

– Starski, Paulina,“Silence within the Process of Normative Change and the Evolution of the Prohibition on the Use of Force: Normative Volatility and Legislative Responsibility,” 4 Journal on the Use of Force and International Law 14 (2017) (Olivier Corten).

– Tzouvala, Ntina, “TWAIL and the “Unwilling or Unable” Doctrine: Continuities and Ruptures,” 109 American Journal of International Law: Unbound  266 (2015) (Srinivas Burra).

– Waldock, Sir Humphrey M.,”The Regulation of the Use of Force by Individual States in International Law,” 81 Hague Academy of International Law Lectures (1962)(Terry Gill).

– Whyte, Jessica, “The ‘Dangerous Concept of the Just War’: Decolonization, Wars of National Liberation, and the Additional Protocols of the Geneva Conventions,” Humanity, Jan. 2019 (Boyd van Dijk).


Blog Posts and Essays:

– Deeks, Ashley, ed. “How Will Artificial Intelligence Affect International Law?” 114 AJIL Unbound 138 (2020) (Ashley Deeks).

– Forester, E. M., The Machine Stops (1909) (Rebecca Ingber).

– Gross, Ayel, “The 2021 Gaza War and the Limits of International Humanitarian Law,” Just Security, Jun. 1, 2021 (Aurel Sari).

– Jenks, Chris and Rain Liivoja, “Machine Autonomy and the Constant Care Obligation,” ICRC Humanitarian Law & Policy, Dec. 11, 2018. (Eric Jensen).

– Lieblich, Eliav,”Dispatch from Israel on Human Shields: What I Should’ve Said to a Dad on the Playground,” Just Security, May 18, 2021.


Government & Organization Reports:

– Israel Ministry of Justice, “Israel’s Perspective on Key Legal and Practical Issues Concerning the Application of International Law on Cyber Operations,” 97 International Law Studies (2021)(Michael Schmitt).

– Ministère des Armées, Republique Français, International Law Applied to Operations in Cyberspace, Oct. 2019 (Michael Schmitt).

– Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of the Netherlands, Letter to the Parliament on the International Legal Order in Cyberspace (with Annexes), Jul. 5 , 2019 (Michael Schmitt).

– United States Department of Defense, “Directive No. 3000.09, Autonomy Weapons Systems,” Nov. 1, 2012 (as revised). (Eric Jensen).